伊斯兰种族主义的崛起

最近有人撰文,比较了政府和本地伊斯兰社群给两名穆斯林访客的待遇,其中更提问,为何宗教师扎基乃克(Zakir Naik)和学者阿都拉西(Abdullahi An-Na’im),以及他们所传达的讯息,会在马来社群得到如此不一样的反应。其实,马来西亚人都应该问这个问题。

透过演讲和公开言论,这两名访客传达了截然不同的主题。

学者阿都拉西提供一个更具人道意识、理性和稳固的伊斯兰版本。反之,宗教师扎基则呈现保守而极端的伊斯兰,他宣扬伊斯兰是一个更优越的宗教,提供简单却受到穆斯林群众欢迎的观点,包括如何应对同性恋、双性恋与跨性别群体(LGBT)、非穆斯林少数群体、叛教者、在伊斯兰国对待其他信仰的方式、世俗主义的邪恶等等。

许多人也曾经提出类似的质疑,即为何大马伊斯兰走向强硬路线,并抛弃其传统的中庸根基,以及跟兴都—佛教价值的关联等。

同样的,捍卫世俗主义或倾向世俗立场的声音,例如由前公仆所组成的G25杰巫组织并不受落;反之,蛊惑人心的红衫军,或伊斯兰国(ISIS)般的极端组织却受到马来人的欢迎。

两名学者最近发表的研究,让我们得以一窥大马保守和强硬伊斯兰的崛起。阿末法乌兹(Ahmad Fauzi Abdul Hami)在其论文“东南亚的伊斯兰国:内化的瓦哈比主义是主因”(ISIS in South-East Asia: Internalised Wahhabism is a Major Factor)从政治发展的角度,剖析萨拉菲主义(Salafism)的极端世界观,如何从1970年代开始透过瓦哈比(Wahhabi)的品牌发挥影响力。

另外,阿兹哈(Azhar Ibrahim)的部落格文章“马印世界的世俗想象:话语及公共领域中的抵抗及静默回应”(Secularism as Imagined in the Malay-Indonesian World: Resistance and its Muted Counter Responses in the Discursive and Public Realms),依赖文化人类学及历史学的方法,阐释穆斯林知识分子如何无法跟反世俗主义者论辩和竞争。

学者的“种族因素”盲

这两名学者的文章虽然有用且及时,但他们的讨论却忽略了种族因素,而马来种族主义的致命张力可能是大马保守和反动伊斯兰意识形态和实践近年趋强的关键或主要原因。

虽然正统伊斯兰思想拒斥种族及种族主义,但有确凿证据显示大马伊斯兰主义的复兴,跟反非马来人情绪高涨,以及针对非马来人及非穆斯林社群的种族中心主义有关。

大马伊斯兰社会的社会经济及政治发展中,种族因素扮演着关键角色。但它却往往被忽略,而问题并非仅限上述两名学者,其他许多本地学者也选择忽视,或刻意避开种族因素。

这种回避可能源自他们相信,大马伊斯兰极端主义思想的扩散动力主要来自外部事件,例如中东伊斯兰政治的崛起。

另一种原因或是,他们相信学术或公开——即便是从学术或知识的角度来讨论这种种族因素,将会打开潘多拉之盒,或者无助于个人学术生涯,又或曝露学者本身宗教和种族社群的问题。

然而,最近发生的事情显示,此议题需要被放到学术显微镜下检视,并且开诚布公地去探讨之——即使这样做会被视为挑起敏感议题。

伊教与种族主义聚合

打开这个潘多拉之盒是必要的,因为两种来自宗教和人为的极端意识形态,不断正在聚合,而且还相互强化。两种思想聚合的结果,即某种的伊斯兰法西斯主义正在取代,或者已经取代之前的主流温和派。

虽然可以在日常生活中找到众多案例,但“伊斯兰主权”(Ketuanan Islam)与“马来主权”(Ketuanan Melayu)的合流存在着两个明显的例子。

2015年9月,巫统最高理事安努亚慕沙(Annuar Musa )公开承认他是一名“种族主义者”。他在“人民团结集会”(Himpunan Rakyat Bersatu)或称红衫军示威的演讲中,对主办单位所宣称的25万名出席者强调,只要没有压迫其他种族,伊斯兰允许种族主义。

他说,“我是种族主义者,但这是基于伊斯兰(教义)的种族主义。伊斯兰允许种族主义。”根据报道,他也曾经引用先知所言及的一段圣训中的部族主义(assobiyah)来辩护。

这名巫统领袖或许是在演讲中哗众取宠。然而,他的宣告不只反映他对马来西亚伊斯兰种族主义的理解与辩护,也揭露了巫统领导层有着与他相近立场,因为大部分党领袖及成员都未针对安努亚慕沙的言论,表达不同看法。

非马来人不能再沉默

近期,马来民族主义的标志——马来剑出现在伊党大会上,引起马哈迪评论“伊党以前抨击巫统过于民族主义,现在他们反而更民族主义,皆因他们的马来剑比巫统的长。”

“你以马来剑长度,定夺民族主义多寡。马来剑越长,民族主义越强。”

事件的新进展显示种族主义、极端主义已渗入马来社群的伊斯兰思想之中,因此对于非穆斯林与非马来人而言,此事非同小可。

这意味着,在在逐渐伊斯兰化的马来西亚当中,非穆斯林与非马来人不能寄望伊党、巫统,甚至是诚信党,或最近成立的某些穆斯林政党、进步伊斯兰非政府组织,或有良知的学者来关注或争取他们的同等权益。

因此,他们只能依靠自身,不应像温水里的青蛙一样,在沉默中错过回应逐渐加剧的伊斯兰与种族主义重生与复辟的时机。


本文作者林德宜目前是政策倡议中心执行长,2006年受聘为世界银行高级社会科学家时,曾发表具争议的土著产权研究报告。本文原本以英文撰写,由实习记者刘存全中译,小题由本刊所加。

新聞《当今大马》

Check Also

Teo Nie Ching:马来西亚在亚太地区 5G 下载速度中位数中名列前茅 – theSundaily

她指出,马来西亚的5G下载速度 …

发表回复

您的电子邮箱地址不会被公开。

SBOBET

Bonus New Member 100

RTP Slot Gacor Hari Ini

RTP

slot gacor gampang menang

daftar sbobet

RTP Live Slot

Situs Slot Gacor

Slot Deposit Pulsa Terpercaya

slot gacor gampang menang

kasino online

RTP Live

Slot Online Deposit Pulsa

Slot Deposit Pulsa Terpercaya

Daftar SBOBET

RTP

Daftar Judi Baccarat Online

Rolet

Bonus New Member 100

Bonus New Member 100

Slot Deposit Dana

RTP Live

Slot Gacor Gampang Menang

Bonus New Member 100

Daftar SBOBET

situs judi slot terbaik dan terpercaya no 1

Daftar SBOBET

daftar sbobet

daftar sbobet

Bonus New Member 100

Bonus New Member 100

slot gacor terbaru

slot gacor terbaru

Slot Deposit Dana

daftar sbobet

Slot Deposit Pulsa Terpercaya

kasino online

kasino online

slot deposit dana

Slot Deposit Dana

daftar sbobet

RTP Slot Gacor Hari Ini

Situs Slot Gacor

RTP Live

slot deposit

Judi Bola Online

Slot Deposit Dana

Bonus New Member 100

RTP Slot Gacor Hari Ini

RTP Live

RTP

Slot Deposit Dana

daftar sbobet

RTP Slot Gacor Hari Ini

Slot Deposit Pulsa Terpercaya

bonus new member

Agen Poker Online

Slot Deposit Dana

daftar sbobet

Slot Deposit Pulsa 10rb

Slot Deposit Dana

daftar sbobet

Slot Server Luar

Daftar SBOBET

Situs Judi Slot Terbaik dan Terpercaya No 1

Slot Deposit Pulsa

Slot Deposit Dana

daftar sbobet

Casino Online Uang Asli

Slot Bonus New Member 100

Akun Pro Thailand

RTP Slot Gacor Hari Ini

Slot Deposit Via Pulsa

RTP Slot Gacor

Slot Deposit Dana

daftar sbobet

Akun Pro Thailand

Slot Deposit Pulsa Terpercaya

Slot Deposit Dana

daftar sbobet

RTP Slot Gacor

RTP Slot Gacor

Bonus New Member 100

Bonus New Member 100

Slot Deposit Dana

daftar sbobet

RTP Slot Gacor

Casino Online Uang Asli

Bonus New Member 100

Daftar SBOBET

RTP Slot Gacor

Slot Bonus New Member 100

Slot Deposit Dana

RTP Live

Bonus New Member 100

RTP Slot Gacor Hari Ini

RTP Slot Gacor

Slot Bonus New Member 100

Slot Deposit Dana

daftar sbobet

Slot Deposit Pulsa Terpercaya

RTP Slot Gacor Hari Ini

RTP Slot Gacor

Slot Gacor Gampang Menang

slot online bonus new member

daftar sbobet

Rolet

Slot Deposit Pulsa Terpercaya

RTP Slot Gacor

Slot Gacor Gampang Menang

RTP Live Slot

Slot Deposit Dana

Bonus New Member 100

Daftar SBOBET

RTP Slot Hari Ini

RTP Slot Gacor

Slot Deposit Dana

RTP Live Slot

Situs Slot Gacor

Bonus New Member 100

daftar sbobet

Slot Deposit Dana

RTP Slot Gacor

Slot Gacor Hari Ini

RTP Slot Gacor Hari Ini

Bonus New Member 100

RTP Slot Gacor

RTP Slot Gacor

daftar sbobet

Slot Deposit Dana

RTP Slot Gacor Hari Ini

Bonus New Member 100

RTP Slot Gacor

Slot Bonus New Member 100 di Awal

Slot Deposit Dana

RTP Live Slot

Slot Gacor Resmi

slot online

Bonus New Member 100

RTP Slot Gacor Hari Ini

Roulette

Slot Gacor Gampang Menang

Rolet

Slot Deposit Dana

slot online

Slot Gacor Resmi

Bonus New Member 100

Slot Deposit Dana

Roulette

Roulette

Slot Deposit Dana

daftar sbobet

slot online

Slot Gacor Resmi

.

Slot Server Luar

Daftar SBOBET

Casino Online Uang Asli

Casino Online Uang Asli

daftar sbobet

Slot Deposit Dana

Slot Gacor Resmi

slot gampang menang

Bakarat Online

Bonus New Member 100

Casino Online Uang Asli

Casino Online Uang Asli

Slot Deposit Dana

Slot Deposit Dana

Slot Gacor Terpercaya

slot gacor gampang menang

Bonus New Member 100

Roulette

Casino Online Uang Asli

RTP Slot Gacor

daftar sbobet

RTP Live Slot

Slot Gacor Resmi

slot gacor malam ini

Slot Gacor

Slot Gacor

situs slot gacor

slot resmi

Login SBOBET

Daftar Poker Online

slot resmi

situs slot gacor

Situs Slot Gacor

Slot Gacor Maxwin

Slot Deposit Ovo

Slot Bonus

slot gacor gampang menang

slot resmi

Slot Gacor Hari Ini

Slot Gacor Hari Ini

Situs Slot Resmi

Slot Deposit Ovo

slot gacor hari ini

slot gacor

Poker

Slot Online Resmi

slot gacor hari ini

Poker Online

Agen Sbobet

Poker

Slot Online Bonus New Member

sbobet

Rtp Live

IDN Poker

situs slot gacor

poker online

Slot Gacor Gampang Menang

Poker

Slot Thailand

slot resmi

Poker

Slot Kamboja

Slot Server Kamboja

Slot Gacor Gampang Menang

Slot Gacor Gampang Menang

Slot Gacor Gampang Menang

slot resmi

Poker

Slot Online Resmi

Sbobet88

Slot Gacor Gampang Menang

Poker

slot gacor hari ini

Situs Slot Gacor

Poker

Slot Gacor

Daftar SBOBET

slot resmi

slot gacor gampang menang

Situs Slot Resmi

Poker

Situs Slot Gacor

Slot Gacor

slot resmi

slot gacor gampang menang

Slot Deposit Dana

Slot Gacor Hari Ini

Slot Online Resmi

Bocoran Slot Gacor

Poker

Situs Slot Gacor

slot resmi

slot gacor gampang menang

Bocoran Slot Gacor

Slot Online Resmi

slot resmi

slot gacor gampang menang

Slot Resmi Online

Slot Gacor Gampang Menang

Poker

Situs Slot Gacor

slot resmi

slot gacor gampang menang

Slot Online Resmi

Situs Slot Gacor

situs slot resmi

situs slot gacor

Slot Resmi Online

Slot Gacor

Slot Online Resmi

Slot Deposit Pulsa

situs slot resmi

slot gacor

Poker

Slot Online Resmi

SLot Gacor

Slot Online Resmi

situs slot resmi

slot gacor

Slot Myanmar

Slot Online Resmi

Slot Gacor Hari Ini

Slot Resmi

situs slot resmi

slot gacor

Slot Gacor Hari Ini

Slot Resmi Online

Slot Online Resmi

Sbobet88

situs slot resmi

slot gacor

Slot Online Resmi

Slot Gacor Gampang Menang

Sbobet88

Slot Online Resmi

situs slot resmi

slot gacor

Slot Resmi Online

Slot Gacor Maxwin

Situs Slot Gacor

Sbobet88

situs slot resmi

slot gacor

Slot Deposit Pulsa

Slot Bonus New Member

Slot Gacor Hari Ini

Slot Bonus New Member

Slot Gacor Resmi

situs slot resmi

slot gacor

Slot Server

Slot Server

Slot Resmi Online

Slot Gacor Maxwin

Slot Deposit Pulsa

Slot Bonus New Member

situs slot resmi

slot gacor

Slot Deposit Pulsa

Sbobet88

Slot Gacor Hari Ini

Situs Slot Resmi

Slot Deposit Pulsa

Slot Gacor Gampang Menang

situs slot resmi

slot gacor

Slot Resmi

Slot Deposit Dana

Slot Online Resmi

Slot Gacor Hari Ini

situs slot resmi

slot gacor

slot gacor

situs slot resmi

Slot Online Resmi

Slot Gacor Hari Ini

Slot Bonus New Member

Poker

Slot Bonus New Member

Slot Deposit 10rb

situs slot resmi

slot gacor

Slot Server Kamboja

Slot Garansi Kekalahan

Situs Slot Gacor

Slot Deposit 10rb

Slot Online Resmi

Slot Gacor Hari Ini

slot resmi

slot resmi

Poker Online

Pragmatic Play

Pragmatic Play

Slot Resmi

slot resmi

pragmatic

Bonus New Member

Pragmatic Play

Pragmatic Play

Slot Online

Pragmatic Play

pragmatic

slot resmi

Slot88

Slot88

Pragmatic Play

Slot Gacor

Pragmatic Play

Pragmatic Play

slot resmi

pragmatic

Slot88

Pragmatic Play

Pragmatic Play

Slot88

Mahjong ways

Slot Gacor

pragmatic

slot88

Bonus New Member

Slot Gacor

SBOBET

SBOBET

pragmatic

pragmatic

pragmatic

slot88

SBOBET

Slot

RTP Slot

RTP Slot

pragmatic play

Slot88

slot88

pragmatic

Slot88

Slot Garansi

Bonus New Member

Pragmatic Play

Pragmatic Play

pragmatic

slot88

Slot Garansi

Slot88

Slot88

Pragmatic Play

slot88

pragmatic

Bonus New Member

Link Slot Gacor

Sbobet

Slot88

slot88

pragmatic

RTP Slot

SLOT777

Starlight Princess

slot88

slot88

sbobet

Slot777

Slot88

slot88

SBOBET

Slot Gacor

SLOT777

sbobet

slot88

Sbobet

slot88

Slot Garansi

Bonus New Member

sbobet

slot88

Sbobet

Slot Garansi

Gates of Olympus

Slot88

Pragmatic Play

sbobet

slot88

Mahjong Ways

Starlight Princess

Slot777

rtp

sbobet

slot88

Slot Dana

SLOT777

Pragmatic Play

Mahjong Ways

sbobet

slot88

Slot777

Slot777

Slot88

Slot88

Slot Deposit

slot88

sbobet

Lucky Neko

SBOBET

Slot Deposit

Slot88

Pragmatic Play

slot88

sbobet

Lucky Neko

Slot88

Lucky Neko

Bonus New Member

Lucky Neko

slot88

sbobet

Mahjong Ways 2

SBOBET

Sbobet

Lucky Neko

slot88

sbobet

Lucky Neko

Gates of Olympus

Slot777

Joker123

Slot777

slot88

sbobet

Slot88

Sbobet

SBOBET

joker123

sbobet

slot88

Slot Gacor

Lucky neko

Slot88

SLOT777

sbobet

slot88

Slot777

Slot Gacor

Slot Deposit

Sbobet

Slot777

slot88

sbobet

Pragmatic Play

Slot Gacor

Slot777

Joker123

Bonus New Member

Slot Garansi

sbobet

Slot777

RTP Slot

SBOBET

Slot Deposit

slot88

sbobet

Slot777

RTP Slot

Slot88

Lucky Neko

Slot777

Bonus New Member

Slot Pulsa

pragmatic

Sbobet

sbobet

slot88

Slot Deposit

Slot Garansi

Mahjong Ways

SBOBET

Slot777

Slot88

slot88

sbobet

Joker123

Slot777

Slot Deposit

Bonus New Member

slot88

sbobet

Slot Resmi

Slot88

SLOT777

Bonus New Member

slot88

sbobet

Sbobet

Slot Resmi Online

Bonus New Member

RTP Slot

slot gacor hari ini

sbobet

Slot Resmi

Sbobet

Pragmatic Play

SLOT777

slot88

slot gacor hari ini

Slot Resmi

Slot777

RTP Live

Bonus New Member

sbobet

slot gacor hari ini

Slot Resmi Online

Joker123

SLOT777

RTP Slot

slot gacor

sbobet

Slot777

Slot Resmi

Slot

Slot Garansi

slot gacor hari ini

sbobet

Slot Resmi

Slot777

Bonus New Member

SLOT777

Slot777

Mahjong Ways

slot gacor hari ini

sbobet

Bonus New Member

RTP Slot

Slot Resmi

slot gacor

sbobet

Slot Gacor

SLOT777

Slot777

Mahjong Ways 2

Slot777

slot gacor hari ini

slot88

Mahjong Ways

Slot Resmi Online

Pragmatic Play

slot gacor hari ini

sbobet

Slot777

Mahjong Ways

Mahjong Ways

Slot Resmi

Slot Bet 100

Bonus New Member

slot gacor hari ini

sbobet

Slot Resmi

Mahjong Ways

Slot Bet 100

Pragmatic Play

sbobet

pragmatic

Slot777

Mahjong Ways

Slot Thailand

RTP Slot

sbobet

pragmatic

Slot Resmi

Slot777

Slot Deposit

Slot Bet 200

pragmatic

sbobet

Bonus New Member

SBOBET

Slot Resmi

RTP Slot

Mahjong Ways

Slot777

sbobet

pragmatic

Slot Resmi

Slot88

Slot Gacor

Slot Bet 200

pragmatic

sbobet

Mahjong Ways 2

Slot777

Slot777

Slot Thailand

pragmatic

sbobet

Mahjong Ways

Slot777

Slot Gacor

Lucky Neko

Slot777

pragmatic

sbobet

RTP Slot

Slot Bet 200

Slot Server Thailand

RTP Live Slot

Mahjong Ways 2

Slot Gacor

pragmatic

sbobet

pragmatic

sbobet

Slot777

Slot Gacor

Slot Bet 200

Slot Qris

RTP Slot

sbobet

pragmatic

RTP Slot

Slot777

Slot Gacor

Slot777

Slot Gacor

pragmatic

sbobet

Slot777

Slot Gacor

Slot Gacor

Slot777

slot88

sbobet

Slot Gacor

Slot88

Pragmatic Play

Bonus New Member

slot88

sbobet

Slot Deposit

SBOBET

Slot Gacor Hari Ini

Slot777

slot88

sbobet

Slot

Slot Garansi

Slot Resmi

Mahjong Ways

link slot88

sbobet

Slot88

Slot Resmi

Pragmatic Play

Slot

https://accssa.com/wp-includes/sbobet/

http://koffemaniya.ru/wp-includes/slot88/

https://mailsafe.co.uk/wp-content/slot88/

https://dasslerglobal.com/slot-resmi/

https://alshrouq.net/wp-includes/bonus-new-member/

https://herrywhitneyventures.com/wp-includes/slot-bet-200/

pragmatic

mahjong

Slot Gacor

Mahjong Ways 2

Mahjong

Slot888

Slot888

pragmatic

slot 777

Slot888

Slot Resmi

Slot777

Slot

RTP Live

pragmatic

slot 777

Slot777

Slot88

Slot

Slot Bet 200

Slot Bet 100

https://masterclassartacademy.com/wp-includes/poker/

https://headtosole.net/wp-includes/idn-slot/

https://www.iran-pc.com/wp-includes/idn-slot/

https://www.momshousehq.com/wp-includes/idn-poker/

https://petronaji.com/wp-content/idn-poker/

https://saudihome.net/wp-content/togel-online/

https://tikplusuni.com/wp-content/poker-online/

https://azarakhsh.academy/wp-content/ceme-online/

https://discoveryoni.com/wp-includes/sbobet/

https://ezdigitalnews.com/wp-includes/slot-bet-100/

https://parcommstore.com/wp-content/poker-online/

https://haze.io/wp-content/idn-poker/

https://leagueoflearning.co.uk/wp-includes/bonus-new-member/

https://gecmarrakech.com/wp-includes/IDN-SLOT/

https://wtbtool.co.za/wp-content/idn-poker/

https://nbs.edu.mx/wp-content/idn-poker

https://laatahjan.com/wp-includes/sbobet/

https://lunebadr.com/wp-includes/idn-slot/

https://spiritifamosi.com/idn-slot/

https://www.nothinlikeringgold.com/wp-content/sbobet/

https://aayushmanbhava.in/wp-content/idn-poker/

https://opalmobl.ir/wp-content/idn-poker/

https://dermaat.com/wp-content/idn-poker/

https://azarakhsh.academy/wp-includes/poker-online/

https://enought.top/wp-content/bonus-new-member-100/

https://customhobbydecals.com/wp-includes/idn-slot/

https://inresa.com.co/wp-includes/sbobet/

https://laatahjan.com/wp-content/IDN-Slot/

https://bgvindumentaria.com/idn-poker/

https://shahindid.ir/idn-poker/

https://genesiscalbeautystudio.com/wp-includes/bonus-new-member/

https://hannoverspots.com/wp-content/slot777-gacor/

https://saluempire.com/wp-content/togel/

https://rayaclub.com/wp-content/capsa-susun/

http://taminagahi.com/wp-includes/idn-slot/

https://www.gurug.academy/wp-includes/slot-bet-100/

https://buymano.com/wp-includes/idn-poker/

https://madeplus.com.bo/wp-content/idn-poker/

https://www.salaisonsdesroyats.com/wp-content/slot-bet-100/

https://gosport.cl/wp-content/idn-slot/

https://ekaksh.xyz/wp-content/capsa-susun/

https://dawaya.shop/wp-content/togel

https://lazodetreshilos.com/wp-content/IDNSLOT/

https://alaghehband.com/wp-content/slot-bet-100/

https://www.herbanaturalcolour.com/wp-content/idn-slot/

https://flavebeauty.com/wp-content/IDN-Slot/

https://clickmart.co.za/wp-content/poker/

https://blacksalad.es/wp-content/idn-poker/

https://acecolton.com/wp-content/domino/

https://vitamin-label.com/wp-content/idn-poker/

https://perdedesign.com/wp-content/idn-poker/

https://fagor.me/wp-content/idn-slot/

https://www.sportveld.nl/wp-content/sbobet/

https://miplacer.es/wp-content/IDN-SLOT/

https://milliansburger.com.br/wp-content/idn-poker/

https://salonyar.com/wp-includes/idn-poker/

https://rutujit.com/wp-includes/idn-slot/

https://intellico.ir/wp-includes/slot-bet-100/

http://arfacademy.in/wp-content/idn-poker/

https://teresaheidt.com/wp-content/idn-poker/

https://entekhabsport.com/wp-content/bonus-new-member/

https://www.neolysplus.fr/wp-content/idn-slot/

https://gratifyou.com/wp-includes/idn-slot/

https://higienelaboral.es/wp-includes/slot777/

https://stonehouse.com.br/wp-includes/IDN-SLOT/

https://www.whoisyourshero.com/wp-content/idn-poker/

https://psdwing.com/wp-content/idn-poker/

https://spaceandmaterial.com/wp-content/idn-poker/

https://www.ymj.digital/wp-content/idn-poker

https://bidan.co.il/wp-includes/slot777/

https://robsonpeluquero.cl/wp-content/idn-slot/

IDN Slot

Slot777

IDN Poker

IDN Poker

IDN Poker

IDN Poker

IDN SLOT

Bonus New Member

IDN Slot

https://tokajwine.net

https://mitsubishisurabayacicilan.com

https://goldrushvictory.net/wp-includes/IDN-Slot/

https://bestelectricgrills.org/

https://hibachisushibuffetlouisville.com/

https://mexicanrestaurantlargo.com

https://barandgrillnesconset.com/

https://www.generalschinesebbq.com/

https://www.tamansiswamojokerto.com/

https://thewalkervilletavern.com/

https://www.tavernedeshalles.com/

https://xmarkskelapagading.com/

https://kingofracksbbqorder.com/

https://megadigital.solutions/wp-content/IDN-Slot/

https://ycmt-newwineskins.com/

https://fbcfarmvillenc.org/

https://greekvillagegyrosandgrill.com/

https://carvinmuseum.net/

https://www.grillhaxe.com/

https://chillngrillmeat.com/

https://marhamdarou.ir/wp-content/IDN-Slot/

https://www.dansbbqexpress.com/

https://bigbananabread.com/

https://equinoxfarms.net/

https://www.greenvillegallerygrille.com/

https://newportdineout.com/

https://laezquinitamixrestaurant.com/

https://labodegagourmet.com/

https://www.mudholebbq.com/

https://scvthaibbq.com/

https://www.americasfinestbbq.com/

https://bdgadgetstore.com/wp-content/IDN-Slot/

https://infopuriorchard.com/

https://www.ferncreekmedicalcenter.com/

https://orderbdsmongoliangrill.com/

https://thanhlongseafood.com/

https://thegreattexasbbqfestival.com/

https://orderjoestavernandpizzeriamd.com/

https://farmandflourboxes.com/

https://sathiyahospital.com/

https://skillengage.com/wp-includes/IDN-Slot/

https://www.harmonymountaineco-farm.com/

https://restaurant-premery-leroyal.com/

https://wavebarandgrille.com/

https://marenostrumjakarta.com/

https://www.goldenhorseshoe-ride.com/

https://www.farmaciaplasenciarosavicente.com/

https://keralamakeup.com/wp-content/IDN-Slot/

https://hillsiderehabhospital.net/

https://gourmet-rural.com/

https://www.farmaciazanetti.com/

https://zenjapanesegrillandsushi.com/

https://restaurantelosbarriletes.com/

https://ultrasushica.com/

https://www.fireupthegrillcatering.com/

https://bluelobster-grille.com/

https://www.beanersbbq.com/

https://rikyusushi.com/

https://taste-it-bbq.com/

https://smokinrbbq.net/

https://originaljanebi.com/wp-includes/IDN-Slot/

https://www.theharborviewgrille.com/

https://grillcheeks.com/

https://www.southsidefarmservices.com/

https://www.deerrunwinetours.com/

https://burankebab.com/

https://qonekoreangrillexpress.com/

https://xn--aksesuardkkan-4ob31f.com/wp-includes/IDN-Slot/

https://www.nankingasiangrill.com/

https://pizzacalou.net/

https://www.billysrealtexasbbq.com/

https://www.parmabarandgrille.com/

https://www.helloweboo.com/idn-poker/

https://productreviewsin.com/slot88/

https://freshforpaws.com/idn-poker/

https://hejabvalasr.com/idn-poker/

http://www.ospaaalcollection.org/IDN-Slot/

https://www.euromecc.org/IDN-slot/

https://usedphones.in/idn-slot/

https://clubhousehotel.com.ar/bonus-new-member/

https://roseartceramics.com/sbobet/

https://www.thebengalassociation.com/bonus-new-member/

IDN Poker

Ceme Online

https://rocmont.com/wp-content/ceme-online/

baccarat

baccarat online

https://www.sunecoplus.com/wp-content/baccarat/

https://saframax.com/wp-content/slot777/

Mahjong Slot

Spaceman Slot

slot deposit qris

Spaceman Slot

IDN Slot

Spaceman Slot

spaceman

gates of olympus

Spaceman

Mahjong Ways

mahjong ways

mahjong ways

mahjong ways

mahjong ways

mahjong ways

slot777 link alternatif

slot777 link alternatif

slot777 link alternatif

pragmatic play slot

pragmatic play slot

slot garansi kekalahan tanpa to

slot garansi kekalahan tanpa to

slot garansi kekalahan tanpa to

slot olympus

slot olympus

akun pro kamboja

akun pro kamboja

akun pro kamboja

mahjong slot

mahjong slot

mahjong ways

mahjong ways

slot kakek merah

slot kakek merah

slot kakek merah

mahjong slot

mahjong slot

mahjong slot

slot bet 300

slot bet 300

mahjong slot

mahjong slot

mahjong slot

mahjong slot

akun pro thailand

akun pro thailand

akun pro thailand

mahjong ways

mahjong ways

mahjong ways

slot olympus

slot olympus

https://bytheriverside.es/

https://top-obzor-kazino.ru/

https://www.alexandrines.fr/

https://oriettdomenech.com/

https://tirbul.com/

https://susanamendezjewelry.com/

https://meubles-kallel.tn/

http://abaclihmd.com.mx/

https://deliadanceandchoreographystudio.com

https://webtricks.in/

Bonus New Member

https://hugeplr.com/

https://sproutemedia.com/

https://hometree.pk

https://pvcpannels.com/

https://hifiqr.com/

https://editedomingos.com/

https://tdihost.id/

https://azmooniha.com/

https://delhicasy.com/

https://pouyachoobsorin.com/

https://sparesbay.co.uk/

http://newpadelracket.com/

https://www.sahelishegadi.com/

http://koffemaniya.ru/

https://1goodstore.com/

https://www.workcomneiva.com/

https://jctcleaning.com.au/

https://www.paradizenutrition.com/

https://www.capecardiology.co.za/

https://proudtobeme.org/

https://martinsstore.com.br/

https://optiuminvestment.com/

https://www.loftindusteel.fr/

http://telebazaryabi.com/

https://www.ckdfoods.com/

https://rw-design.cz/

https://bestbidonline.co.za/

https://wznh.org/

https://discountrealty.online/

https://help-with-homework.net/

https://arman-tir.com/

https://faracandle.com/

https://arganacosmetics.com/

https://himanidiamondmart.com/

https://laserluxuryny.com/

https://dbscctvshop.com/

https://potluckchefs.com/

https://sargamdubai.com/

https://mobilepakhsh.com/

https://www.ksglas.gl/

https://cmcconexiones.com/

https://gatofusion.com/

https://ambriasupply.com/

https://shahdaab.com/

https://freebitco.dev/

https://www.sedmium.co.rs/

https://thesunnysides.com/

https://www.growupyourself.com/

https://sanchezmontero.es/

https://www.modernpich.ir/

https://tribaltravellaos.com/

https://bidirdioglu.com/

https://newsbell.website/

https://burhanienterprise.net/

https://epdistro.com/

https://wayoftour.com/

https://tamboskitchen.com/

https://hotnlatest.com/

https://hamarahindi.com/

https://www.vishwaarogyasena.com/

https://miplacer.es/

https://babycar.in/

https://lazodetreshilos.com/

https://rayaclub.com/

https://www.momshousehq.com/

https://segredodasplantas.blog.br/

https://ndtvlatestnews.com/

https://familyfunfiesta.com/

https://astroauras.com/

https://pslt20.info/

https://smlesecrets.co/

https://intellico.ir/

https://khoshkbarhashemi.com/

https://www.whoisyourshero.com/

https://bdgadgetstore.com/

https://megadigital.solutions/

https://ccrr-mc.org/wp-includes/zeus-slot/

https://konnex.tech/wp-includes/zeus-slot/

https://readfdn.org/

https://brogrammer.my/

https://keyegypt.com/

https://pmu-factory.com/

https://www.cozy-fort.com/

https://clubhousehotel.com.ar/

https://attiaanumerologist.com/

https://teccord.com/

https://lbbrokenbutterflies.org/

https://whitesourcing.in/

https://seventhart.ir/wp-includes/slot-qris/

https://demultistore.com/

https://grownance.com/

https://hellcatenterprise.com/

https://www.carsstore7x24.com/

https://ebbrewerylofts.com/zeus-slot/

https://rocmont.com/wp-admin/slot-qris/

https://washingtonfeeds.com/wp-admin/slot-qris/

https://startuptalks.org/wp-admin/slot-qris/

https://artifakt.space/wp-admin/slot-zeus/

https://juliocesarbravo.com/wp-admin/slot-zeus/

https://www.garage-aymard.fr/zeus-slot/

https://thetribaltrails.com/wp-includes/slot-qris/

https://www.signupinternational.com/wp-includes/slot-qris/

https://thelostmonalisa.com/wp-includes/slot-qris/

https://starwealthmanagement.net/wp-includes/candy-blitz/

https://touristkish.com/wp-includes/slot-qris/

https://avannetwork.net/

https://buii.com/wp-includes/slot-qris/

https://shroomzy.com/

https://timesenews.com/

Candy Blitz

https://my365health.com/wp-content/slot-qris/

https://avswealth.com/wp-content/slot-qris/

https://computronix.in/wp-content/slot-qris/

https://futureautotech.com/wp-content/candy-blitz/

https://usedmobile.in/wp-content/candy-blitz/

https://www.halalrightbraineducation.com/

https://kingstourz.com/wp-includes/candy/

https://www.djmanager.biz/wp-includes/candy-blitz/

https://fruit-box.co.in/

https://addisads.com/